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Load carriers 

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A load carrier makes it possible to move unit loads more cost effectively, safely and ergonomically. The use of the pallet, as we know it today, was developed during the Second World War. Pallets are usually made of wood, plastic or metal and the choice of pallet or load carrier usually depends on the load and the environment it is being used in. International standard sizes don’t really exist because pallet definitions, construction standards and terminologies vary enormously from country to country. However National standards and unofficial branch standard sizes are common so make contact with your local association or organization.

Not all industrial forklift trucks types work with all types of load carriers – be sure to check pallet dimensions and load size (including overhang) before specifying your requirements on forks. Weight and content of unit loads effects the centre of gravity, and the residual capacity of the industrial forklift truck required for stacking.

Common types of load carriers: 

 Open Pallet, also known as a Open Pallet, also known as
4 way entry pallet, Block pallet or Euro pallet

Consist of a block construction with bottom boards on 2 sides and centre. 2 way open entry and 2 way entry across bottom boards which give possibility to 4 way entry. Makes handling easy with virtually all types of industrial trucks on the open entry sides and shaped corners and bottom boards to make it easier to enter the pallet. This type of pallet is a very common pallet type in Europe (except UK).

 
 Bottom Boarded Pallet, also known as a Bottom Boarded Pallet, also known as
4 way entry pallet, Block pallet, Bottom board pallet or GKN pallet

Consist of block construction with bottom boards on all 4 sides and centre. 4 way entry is possible, all across bottom boards. Makes handling easy with virtually all types of industrial trucks although it is not possible to use a fork over support arm stacker truck for stacking. Shaped bottom boards make it easier for the truck forks to enter the pallet. This type of pallet is a very common pallet type in the UK.

 
 Stringer Pallet, also known as a

Stringer Pallet, also known as
 4 way entry pallet, Block & bearer pallet, Bottom board pallet, Grocery pallet, GMA pallet (USA) or CPC pallet (CDA)

This is a block and side bearer (with fork cut-outs) construction. 2 way open entry and 2 way entry across bottom boards which give possibility to 4 way entry. Hand- and electric pallet trucks and support arms trucks with elevating support arms can be used for horizontal transport. Low profile forks like hand pallet truck (low fork height), reach, straddle or CB truck is needed to pick up from the bearer side. Shaped bottom boards make it easier for the truck forks to enter the pallet. This type of pallet is a very common pallet type in North America, Africa and Asia.

 
 Bearer Pallet, also known as a  Bearer Pallet, also known as
• 2 way entry pallet, Block & bearer pallet or Bottom board pallet

This is a block construction with side and centre bearers and with the possibility of 2 way entry only. Makes handling easy with virtually all types of industrial trucks although it is not possible to use a fork over support arm stacker truck for stacking. Shaped bottom boards make it easier for the truck forks to enter the pallet. This is a very common pallet type in Africa and Asia. 
 
  Roller cages, also known as 
• Load container, Roll container or Load pallet. 

This is a metal construction normally in the size of a EUR pallet (600 x 800 mm), with barred sides and wheels mounted underneath. The cage is not stackable and mainly used for storage directly on the floor. It can be handled and moved by hand if the surface is even otherwise it’s handled with a forklift truck. It’s important that the cage is easy to fold and handle when shipped empty. This type of load carrier is common especially for transport and distribution of daily goods.